Mosquito borne-diseases (Thailand)
Mosquitoes belong to the group of insects
known as Diptera, or flies. There are at least
3,520 species of mosquito species
recognized in the world and 459 species in
Thailand. Male mosquitoes survive by
feeding on flower nectar and sweet juices.
Most female mosquitoes not only feed on various sugars for energy, but also require the
nutrition of blood for the development of
their eggs. Mosquitoes will live one week to three months depending on the species.
The study of mosquitoes is important for human health. Mosquitoes belong to the group of insects known as Diptera or two-winged flies. Their distribution encompasses most of the land regions of the world, except for the two permanent frozen pole regions. Where they occur, they can be serious pest and/or vectors of viral and parastic diseases that seriously impact human health. Their bites cause skin irritations through an allergic reaction to the saliva. Among the disease-causing pathogens they transmit are viruses like Dengue and parasites such malaria and filariasis. Once infected they can transmit these organisms for the remainder of their life.
Mosquito-borne diseases are carried only by female mosquitoes that suck the blood
of humans and other warm-blooded animals to acquire proteins and energy needed to develop her impregnated eggs. Mosquito-borne diseases continue to be a leading cause of morbidity and mortality througout many contries in Southeast Asia. Malaria remains an important public health concern in border areas.
Primary vectors of malaria are night-biting Anopheles mosquitoes.
Vectors of Dengue and chikugunya are day biting Aedine mosquitoes.
Japanese encephalitis and West Nile viruses are transmitted by Culicine mosquitoes.
Filarial worms are transmitted by Mansonia and Aedine species.
For more information:
The museum specializes in detailed information about diseases borne by mosquitoes. For detailed information about other insect-borne diseases, It is useful to do research online, where much material is available.
Thank you Entomology Department, AFRIMS for the mosquito images